Battery backup systems are nothing new. They have been around for years and Native has designed and installed quite a few of them. But battery storage adds considerable expense and complexity to a solar installation. What allows Tesla’s Powerwall to be small enough to hang on the wall is the leveraging of their compact lithium ion batteries, the same technology which is used to power their electric vehicles. The extensive research and development of this chemistry in the automotive arena has fueled the rapid price decline over the past several years. While these batteries enjoy some nice benefits over the incumbent lead acid battery technology, they are just now becoming cost competitive.
This announcement has sparked a interest from a lot of homeowners in Texas…but are the economics compelling enough that you should be excited too?
Over 90% of our clients with solar have no home storage, and that is perfectly fine. The grid acts as the battery. When the solar system generates extra electricity, it is fed back to the grid. Likewise, at night when you need power, you just take it from the grid. So if the grid is such a great battery, why should you consider adding home storage?
There are some situations in which home battery storage makes sense.
Off Grid Living – Texans building a small home or cabin on a remote piece of land may not have ready access to the grid. Running utility poles and lines can be cost prohibitive. In these cases, solar plus batteries may be the most economical way to reliably power their home. Emerging markets with little existing electrical infrastructure like in many parts of Africa and India are already target markets for battery storage systems.
Reliable Backup Power – Even though Austin Energy on average has better than a 99.99% uptime rating, some consumers have critical electrical loads, such as servers, that they can not afford to have dropping out even for a minute. In this case, having these circuits routed to a battery bank may be justified.
Utility Rate Structures – There are various utilities across the country that disincentivize solar customers from sending electricity back to the grid. This can be accomplished in different ways using the utility rate structure. In the case where the utility is not paying an equitable value for your solar energy, it may make sense to capture as much solar electricity as possible and use it in the home rather than send it back to the grid. Batteries allow you to accomplish this. As of today in Texas, many of the utilities fairly value the electricity that they receive from solar customers. There are some exceptions to this rule and I encourage you to send us any questions if you are unsure about your utility policy.
Zombies – If you’ve seen Walking Dead and are envisioning that future, then you need batteries tied to your solar. Today.
I applaud Elon Musk on the Powerwall announcement. He has communicated a bold and hopeful vision of where the energy market will be heading. He is also jumpstarting a synergistic market for his Telsa and SolarCity companies. We are excited about the sudden conversations that everyday people are having about the energy future. We are all talking about energy storage technology and how we can personally participate in changing our energy profile from fossil fuels to renewables. Isn’t that what this is all about?